- Citroen 2 CV AZAM, manufactured or sold in 1964, version for Europe
- 4-door sedan body type
- FWD (front-wheel drive), manual 4-speed gearbox
- petrol (gasoline) engine with displacement: 424 cm3 / 25.9 cui, advertised power: 13.2 kW / 18 hp / 18 PS ( SAE )
- characteristic dimensions: outside length: 3780 mm / 148.8 in, wheelbase: 2400 mm / 94.5 in
- reference weights: base curb weight: 525 kg / 1157 lbs, gross weight GVWR: 860 kg / 1896 lbs
- top speed: 95 km/h (59 mph) (declared by factory but we're yet to find a straight road long enough)
- acceleration: 0- 60 mph / 0- 100 km/h in one day
- fuel consumption: 5 litres / 100 km
A (SHORT) HISTORY OF THE 2CV
In 1936, Pierre-Jules Boulanger (Vice President of Citroen) began the TPV (Trés Petite Voiture) project which would after the war become the Citroen 2CV or Deux Chevaux.
With the Second World War looming, the top secret TPV project was put on hold and prototypes were hidden from the German forces invading France until it could be resumed after the war.
The Citroen 2CV was finally launched at the 1948 Paris “Salon de L’Automobile”. It was an affordable car aimed at those who could not until then afford one including farmers whose orders took priority on the long waiting-list.
The initial brief for the design of the 2CV was that it should allow 4 people and 50kg of farm goods to reach speeds of 50km per hour. It should also carry a basket of eggs safely across a ploughed field without breaking any which it did very well thanks to its bouncy and soft suspension.
The “Deuche” or “Dodoche”, as the French call it, was an instant hit among its target market and wait-lists for buyers reached up to 6 years as, at the time, production only peaked at four cars per day.
In the 60’s production finally caught up and in 1963, Citroen launched the first improved version of the 2CV: The 2CV AZAM (AZ AMeliorée, French for “improved”).
This was a marketing effort by Citroen to distance the 2CV from its post war austerity origins by putting an emphasis on it being more comfortable, fun and ideal for the family. The seats could indeed be removed and be used for picnics and the roof could also be rolled down.
In following years a third window appeared at the rear, the engine power increased from 425cc to 435cc and finally to 602cc.
The Citroen 2CV continued to evolve and benefit from upgrades throughout the seventies and eighties while never losing its characteristic charm.
But by the late 80's the hand-built Citroen 2CV was simply too costly to produce and after moving production in 1988 from France to Portugal, on 27 July 1990 at 16h00, the last 2CV left Mangualde factory in Portugal.
In 42 years of production, nearly four million 2CVs were sold worldwide and it became an icon.
It became a symbol of France on par with the Eiffel tower and the baguette in the same way the red bus or telephone box have become representative of London.
According to recent DVLA records a little over 3100 Citroen 2CVs are still licensed in the UK.
Among these only 60 pre-1970 models are still in circulation of which no more than five Citroen 2CV AZAM 1964.